Todays Sikhism relies on Guru Nanak from the middle ages. The most important book of Sikhism is the "ADI GRANTH". The Adi Granth says, “Omkar Ved nirmaye”. ("Omkar revealed Vedas , i.e. Omkar reveales the highest knowledge).
For Guru Nanak God himself was the Guru: TAT NIRAN~JAN JOT(I) SABAAYEE SOHN~ BHED NAA KOYE JEEO APARAN~PAR PAARBRAHAM PARMESAR NAANAK GUR MILIAA SOYE JEEO.
A citation of Guru Nanak : "The drunkenness through NAAM, o Nanak, never ends ", and in the Jap Ji 19: "The whole creation came only by NAAM and there is nothing which wouldn't start out of him ." In Hinduism NAAM is a Bija-Mantram of Swami Narayana.
But it must be said that this is not the highest divine but it is the creative aspect of the divine ananda.
Saint Kabir said "Kabir DHARA agam ki, satguru di lakhay. Tahi ulat sumrin kar, SWAMI sang milay." He said that the stream(dha-ra) of Agama-Loka has to be transformed (to Shabda) before it can unite with the Swami.
Therefore the highest "Guru" or the Supreme Being is unborn, invisible but certainly immanent in all objects. Therefore the divine sat-plane is unreachable for the highest masters who "only" stand in the highest force of the plane under the SAT and are not inkarnations of the highest beeing.
The hinduistic reformation movement "Radhasoami Satsang" (Unification with the master of the soul) was founded 1861 by Shiv Dayal Singh .
Shiv Dayal Singh was very much influenced by Sikh-Guru Nanak. He taught about Sat-Nam and Anami.
After Rai Saligram had become his disciple the teaching changed to the Radhasomai teachings and named their belief "Sant Mat" (Teaching of the Holy).
The teachings about the "rulers of the inner planes" are very different from teachings of Sikhism and the ADI GRANT, which is now the "guru" in Sikhism ! The worldview of Radhasoami goes up to very much higher planes of creation. Typical are guruship and denying of the caste-system.
== Branches of Radhasoami and Sant Mat ==
" Only Radhasoami Satsang Beas (and some separistics from them who do not deserve mentioning of their names) give this long mantram, mentioned in your web page. Others, including us, give a single "Naam", which was revealed by the Supreme Being Himself, when he visited this world i.e. Radhaswami!" (Prof. Malik from Huzur Info)
In the book "Sarbhajan"(from Radhasoami Beas) stands in the last directions of Soamiji before He left the body : "My path is the path of Satnaam Anami, whereas Rhadasoami is the path of (Raj) Saligram. Let him go on with that."
Therefore we find those scools which give a single "Naam"(Anami) and the other scools who give the long "Jod niran......sat nam"(Agra, Beas) and their followers.
Because of the position of the single gurus the movement had soon split into serveral groups (Prof. Lane was a long time member of the movement):
The Sant Mat teachings : The soul must pass several lower spheres with their rulers who want to capture the soul into their kingdoms, before it reaches Radhasoami, the highest Lord (-> but in reality it can only reach the feet of the highest planetarian Lord - the planetary Logos).
Only after the initiation of a living master, who gives a long mantram "Jod-.-.-.so ham.-.sat-nam", and by a meditation on the "inner SOUND and LIGHT", closing the ears with the thumbs and concentrating on "inner light and sound", the highest goal, the UNITY with RADHOSOAMI, can be finally be reached (sometimes Naam is mentioned).
Devotion to the guru and long meditations and introspection(diary) are essential parts of this lifestyle.
Several sounds can be heared :
Radhasoami sees the Logos of our planet and of the other planets and stars (like the ONE from Sirius) just on the higher mental planes. (Huzur-Info).
Therefore Radhasoami does not know any cosmic divine hierarchies and cosmic initiations.
Hinduism knows instead unifications like "Radha with Krishna" and "Jiva with Paramatma" as steps to mastership..
== Huzur Swamiji's cosmology ==
* 1. Radha Swami - god (He is comparable to the planetary logos of Alice Bailey)
(My comment: ...he must have seen HIS feet from a distance...and he had no direct contact or he is lying !. The above attributes are lower aspects of the shabda and not qualities of the higher SAT.)
== KAL IS WATCHING YOU ! ==
Like other spiritual teachings Rahasoami knows a big personification of all evil forces, the KAL Niranjan, the lord of time(Kala; niranjan is also a name of Shiva), who had allegedly fallen off because he had his own plans and wanted to have his own ''loka'' - Satpurush became angry about that and created the lower planes out of him (......where erverything is foreordained..... and so also the fall of niranjan - but why should Niranjan want his own loka - as he was alone with Radhasoami ?).
This KAL is similar to the fallen Lucifer Satanas of Jacob Lorber, who was thrown down into the lower worlds after a (extraordanary) hard and harassing examination by the lord for ''true godlove''. Is is more probable that this fall was planned to create the lower worlds out of him - which repeats cyclically after eons.
In reality the lower worlds are the result of the various forces of Maya under the influence of the atmic light and then indirect of KALA, the time, ie. the four lower planes of hinduism, with Rudra and Kali as the personification of the evil on the buddhic or causal plane. (Kal is not Brahman but saguna -brahman).
Essential in the teachings of Radhasoami and "Surat shabd yoga" is the necessity of a living human master who is competent to initiate disciples into the practice and technique of listening to the inner sound (bhajan), contemplating the inner light (dhyan) and the mystic death (dying while living). [*NOTE: Charan Singh, Die To Live (Beas: Radha Soami Satsang Beas, 1979)].
The problem of bhajan are the sounds which can be heared - if at all.
The "soultravel" through the planes as described in the book of Mr. Mark Juergensmeyer is more the symbolic travel of a very developed person who stands in the power of the sounds and of the light and therefore he has experiences on all planes .
But i do not want to say that there were no Satgurus in the past (perhaps this is the movement with the majority of the known highest satgurus), who incarnated from their high position and helped each other to reach the lost goal again. But for the common disciple these exercises are a bit weak, and from my sight only the hope for a better incarnation within this tradition maybe a real reason to stay here. These gurus cannot give more protection (gurumukh) than other masters because they stand under the control of the same highest divine which does seldom allow to use the higest power (or to change the karma).
==Master Kirpal singh==
Master Kirpal Singh was part of this Radhasoami movement, as he was personally initiated by Sawan Singh (1858-1948), the former gaddi nasheen of Radha Soami Satsang Beas at Dera Baba Jaimal Singh in the Punjab. [NOTE: It should be pointed out that Kirpal Singh discarded the use of the term "Radhasoami" as a description of his teachings. : Kirpal Singh, The Way of the Saints (Tilton, N. H.: Sant Bani Press, 1976).]
(* Notice : If the disciple is not initiated with the VAK of a real master like Kirpal (Gurmukh) all this can become a big waste of time especially outside of india ! Therefore in some groups guru-meditation is a third practice.)
This book does not mention any "rulers of the planes". It was written to prove that Shabda leads to the highest goal, but it is mostly a big collection of citates of saints of all religions who speak about the inner sounds. It is also not a proof that the other fivefolded mantram of Sant Mat leads to this highest force or to this goal.
Of course Enlightenment does not depend upon errors in a beleife but on selfrealisation, and therefore many incarnated masters soon received their past enlightenment with simple methods or with the help of their personal master.
As mentioned Kirpal speaks about NAAM like Sikh - Guru nanak, which also is a Bija-Mantram of "Sri Swami NARAYANA", but he also taught the fivefolded long mantram !
The teaching says that the student passes ALL planes until he reaches the true original Nama or Shabda. Kirpal Singh admits in his book "Naam" that "only single chosen disciples reach moksha". But guru Kirpal had doubtful disciples like guru Thakar Singh. Despite from this it makes a doubtful impression to tell the disciples that the "Golden Age" has started, as Darshan Singh stated.
"I am a sacrifice to those who serve the Gurmukh with love; He is free himself, he frees his family, and the whole world." Here he is not speaking of the Guru but the Gurmukh; and those who serve the Gurmukh sincerely with love not only will receive salvation for themselves, but also for their relatives and friends, for the Gurmukh comes to give salvation to the whole world." -- "Gurmukh frees millions with a spark of Naam."
His resources are everlasting, but those people who have gained a little and start distributing it everywhere only end up with regrets. They are doomed themselves and so are those who follow them." Kirpal Singh (From : Dr. Harbhajan Singh, Forever with Master, Vol. II)
== The rulers of the planes and the five names ==
A Diagramof the chakras and the worlds
The full SHABDA is first heared at higher stages of the path and disappers finally (see -> Blavatsky : The vioce of silence).
So the existence of the "rulers of the planes" in this form must be doubted, alike the meaning of the five names : "Jod..-...-...- so ham - sat nam".
* Literature : Radhasoami Reality: The Logic of a Modern Faith, Mark Juergensmeyer (Panch Nam) , Mark Juergensmeyer, 1995, ISBN-10 0691010927 ISBN-13 978-0691010922
It seems that this long mantram does not call some strange rulers of the planes but the "highest Niranjan in the hinduist Tapo-loka(Trimurti)" whom Satpurusha had pushed down into his own world into buddhic plane and beyond.
The Radhasoami, the master of the soul, is so similar to the hinduistic pair Radha-Krishna, so that Radha would have the meaning of the spiritual soul and not of the very first active divine force as in radhasoami, awakenig the flase impression that the disciple gets into the Parabrahman.
The rulers of these planes would have much to do watching the billions of souls and universes (even if it were only a planetary ruler). But there are also black masters or Rudra-masters !
== Limitations of the soul ==
The problem in Sant Mat is that the disciple does not understand that Shabda develops and transforms all bodies (Transfiguration) as a means of developement and that he does not just have to rise up to the highest planes. His hope is that the master does the rest comparable to Eckankars mahanta.
Master Kirpal admitted that the VAK of an Initiation through a true master is necessary for spiritual progress.
It is not sure who is the official Sant-Mat-Master at the moment. So You must use your reason to decide what it is all about ! Many years ago i found an email in which "Michael Martin" said that the Guru in Beas had nominated him as the guru for the west, but how can someone be a guru who is not a master of step 20 of the Universal Path, and guru Gurinder in Beas is probably not a master either!
* Very generally said it is of course still much better to practice lifelong a weak meditation technique or a comparable exercise and so avoid that the soul sinks after death into the darkness, about which the old greek mystic said: "Better to live as a beggar on earth than as a king in the realm of the shadows".