In the beginning of Hinduism vedic devas like Vishnu, Rudra and Agni were predominant.

  Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva with consorts

Later Rudra was superseded by Shiva, and the three cosmic trimurti-devas Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma of the  tapo-loka became predominant.

The triadic complement of the Trimurti is Tridevi with Sarasvati, Lakshmi and Parvati (Kali). According to the tantric Bahvricha Upanishad, the goddess Tripura Sundari is their creator.

The Vishnu Purana says right at the beginning: 'Parashar says: The Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshvara is also known as creator, preserver, and destroyer.'


Trimurti in OM as Essence
  • Brahma, the creator of the spiritual forms with  4 heads: Spiritual Earth Element. His Shakti is Sarasvati.
  • Vishnu, the all-pervading : Evolution, preservation and destruction(divine electric and magnetic forces and poles, Vayu, Chit and Ananda). After a Nepalese relief he forms the bridge between heaven and earth. His transformed Ananda contributes to the Maya. His Shakti is Lakshmi. His riding animal (vahana) is the Garuda. The 10 Mahavidyas represent a Shakta version of the Vishnu Avatars.
  • Maheshvara, the great lord - ie. Shiva, 'the pure and unspoilt', less the crude than Rudra  but more the dissolving destroyer, with the divine fire and ether. His wrathful aspect contributes to the Maya. His shaktis are Uma and Parvati(Mahamaya). Bhairava is his dynamic etheric aspect.

According to  the Kurma Purana, Shiva cut Brahma the 5th head off, because Brahma had  proud designated  himself as highest god. This is how Bhairava originated.

From the viewpoint of the Kashmiri Shivaism, the 'trimurti' are in the Ishvara Tattwa. In the Sat or Satyaloka (Parabrahman) above, resides  the kashmir-shivaistic Sada-Shiva. It is unclear whether the Hindu Para-Shakti is comparable to its Shaktis. Hinduism is here at its limits.



Dattatreya ('the three-fold gifted')  is considered as an incarnation of the Trimurti (Drinuti Avatar). On pictures he is accompanied  of a cow (Kamadhenu) and four dogs (~ 4 Vedas).

He is regarded as  singer of the Avadhuta-Gita, and he is mentioned in Mahabharata and Ramayana  and in chapter 15 of the Markandeya Purana.

Vishnu as kosmic man - Vishva rupa

Krishna in his alleged Form as Parambrahma(he is an incarnation of Vishnu...) exceeds according to the  Bhagavata Purana  the Omkara, and thus the "big emptiness" and the Tapa Loka, just like the cosmic mahashaktis (and like a master of the fifth initiation or step 20 of the universal path). The Bhagavad Gita uplifts him similarly high as parameshvara.

Hinduism is regarding where Maha and Adi and Para are to settle  somewhat undefined.

In this context, Sri Aurobindo (ie. the Mother) is to mention. She said of Krishna: "Krishna, the divine flute player, is the indwelling and all-uniform divine and the highest attractive power. Radha, the psyche, the psychic personality, responds to the call of the highest flute player. "(Mother, [6] Bulletin, Feb. 19619

Alice Bailey

In the books of Alice Bailey the Trimurti are assigned the three main rays of the seven combined rays. They have three rulers in the cosmic hierarchy. The three rulers for this universe are under the central ONE in the center of the universe.

  6. Schriften der Mutter