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                                                         Samudra manthan

The legend of the Samudra manthan appears in the Bhagavata Purana, in the Mahabharata and in the Vishnu Purana :
1. The gods had lost their authority over the demons after the sage Saga gave Indra a flower garland, which he recklessly gave to his elephant, who trampled it.

Vishnu advised them to mix the milk ocean (Kshirsagar) with medicine and to stir him (Samudramathana [1]) and so produce Amrita, which would make them strong and immortal. They should use mount Mandara (Meru) as a stir bar.

2. On Vishnu's advice, they tied the serpent Vasuki (also the name of the multi-headed king of the Nagas) around the mountain and started to pull the Snake - the gods on one side and the demons on the other side. Vasuki is also depicted as hanging around Shiva's neck.

== Sagar manthan ==

As the milk ocean swirled around, the world mountain Mandara (or meru) was used as a stirring stick, which began to sink to the bottom of the ocean. Therefore, Vishnu took the form of the turtle avatar Kurma, the lower half of which was a turtle armor, and dived to the bottom where his back became an axis for the buttery stick.

He told the gods to ask the Asuras for help with the return of a portion of the nectar that would result from the churning. The gods and demons were then churning the ocean using the serpent Vasuki as a stirring stick. At the beginning, Indra plays a Machiavellian trick and asks the Asuras for the head of Vasuki. But the Asuras had the suspicion of a lazy game and took the head of Vasuki, whose poison slowly weakened them. The serpent spits out the blue poison Halahala that paralyzes and blinds gods and asuras.

As the churn progressed, the mountain sank, and Vishnu in the shape of the turtle Kurma held the mountain above water. Once the bowl of Amrita, the nectar of immortality, was out, the Asuras grabbed it.

While stirring, the ocean also produced other objects [4]: Sura or Varuni - deity of wine; Apsaras - divine nymphs; Kaustubha - the most precious jewel in the world; Uchhaishravas - the divine white horse [5]; Kalpavriksha - wish-fulfilling tree; Kamadhenu - the wish-fulfilling cow, Airavata - the white elephant, and Lakshmi.

== Shiva Sagar Manthan ==

In a more shivaistic version, a blue poison (which took Shiva in the mouth without swallowing it - hence Shiva's name Nilakantha) and then 14 Ratnas (jewels) were first produced while stirring [6]: 'Chandra' (Moon): 'Parijat 'a tree in the paradise of Indra; Airavat, an elephant equipped with many teeth for Indra; 'Kamadhenu', a wishfulfilling cow; 'Uchchaihsravas' the white horse for Indra; 'Sankha', the scoop of Vishnu; gada; Laxmi, goddess of wealth; 'Rambha', Apsara (heavenly beauty) for heaven; Ratnas, (gems and jewels); Kalpavriksha, wish-fulfilling tree; Dhanwantari, the doctor for all gods; Mada, a deity; 'Amrit' (the immortality nectar) in a golden bowl (Kumbha).

3. Mohini (U.Path 11.2 Venus-phase):
Then Vishnu took the form of Mohini, a beautiful maiden, and seduced the Asuras to have them distribute the potion and also to change the order of distribution. As soon as the gods were served, Mohini disappeared and the Asuras were cheated and totally weak.

== Rahu - Ketu ==
4. (U.path 12.1) RAHU : Taking advantage of the demons' bewilderment, the Daitya Rahu, the son of Viprachitta (Demon of Heaven) and grandson of the great sage Kashyapa, disguised himself as God and drank of the elixir.
The sun and the moon (the sun god Surya and the moon god Chandra) discovered the impostor Rahu and told it Vishnu.
Just as Rahu swallowed the Amrita, Vishnu cut off Rahu 's head with his sun-shining Sudrashan chakra ('beautiful disc'). Since the Amrita had already passed through the neck, the head was immortal and remained alive.

As the sun and the moon were responsible for the report of of Rahu's misdeeds, Rahu, the head, chases the sun and the moon across the sky and tries to eat them.

Sometimes he catches and swallows either and causes an Eclipse. But the victim quickly falls out of Rahu's throat and the Eclipse ends. [7] Rahu's Daitya counterpart is Ketu (Bright, Torch, Light), the hull.

== Vajrayana ==

In a Mongolian-Buddhist version, the sun and moon initially appear from the ocean of milk and position themselves in the sky. In addition comes out of the ocean the Amrita stolen of the asuras. The sky god Khurmusta gathers the gods around him and declares that one must get the Amrita back from the Asuras, because otherwise they would become more and more powerful. The sun therefore assumes the form of a beautiful maiden, goes to the asuras and asks them to take a bath. Then she takes the bowl of Amrita. The tricked Asuras determine the asura Rahu to disguise himself as a moon dressed in the gods to retrieve the Amrita shell. The actual moon notices this and notifies Vajrapani, who beats Rahu with the sword in two parts. Rahu's head remains alive and has been following sun and moon ever since. [8]

The lamaistic mythology is based on the indian concept of the ocean churning with the following legend (see Schlagintweit 115 [9]) of Chakdor (P c yag-rdor): The gods in the deva-heaven had once with great difficulty the elixir of life bDud-rtsi (Amrta ) procured from the bottom of the ocean, sealed it in a precious urn (Rin-c c-en-bum-pa) and handed it over to Vajrapani (Chakdor) for safekeeping. However, the Da'mon Rahu (sGra-can, Dachan) used Vajrapani's absence for a moment to drink off the life elixir and refill the bumpa with his urine. Then he quickly took flight. Alerted by the sudden evil smell  in the sky, the gods soon discovered the wrongdoing.

Vajrapani had to drink the urine of Rahu as punishment for his negligence on decision of the gods. Angered, he set out to persecute the Rahu. He learned from the sun and moon the direction the fleeing demon had taken. After he had caught him, he terribly wounded him with his Vajra. The wounds of Rahu, however, healed immediately, as he had drunk the elixir of life.
To avenge the treachery, Rahu tries to devour the sun or the moon from time to time, creating the darkness; but he is regularly prevented from doing so by Vajrapani. The latter has remained a terrible enemy of the evil demons since that time. [10]

For comparison : The churning of the wheel of tarotcard 10 >>

== Allegoresis ==

From an allegorical point of view, the above four sections can be interpreted as steps 10 -12 of the 22 steps of the universal path. Section 9.2 begins with the earth element principle ie. (Elephant tramples the delicate flower).
Tarot card 10 [11] shows a scenario similar to section 2. On the wheel turn gods and demons: The map thus corresponds to the whirling around the milk ocean and shows its end. The Serpent wound around the mountain means the ascending Kundalini Serpent,
Tarot Card 11 [12] shows the 'maiden' with the tamed lion of the lower self.
Tarot card 12 [13] shows the still untransformed chela between the pillars of the lunar and solar forces.

== Literature ==

  • Kurma-Purana
  •  Buddhism in Tibet
  •  Schlagintweit, Buddhism in Tibet, with Atlas, Leipzig und London 1868; (online)
  • The Connected Discourses of the Buddha: A New Translation of the Samyutta Nikaya, Bhikkhu Bodhi, Wisdom Publications, 2005
  • The Vishnu Purana, Horace Hayman Wilson, 1840, S.76
  • Indian Myth and Legend by Donald A. Mackenzie, epub, Pg.26

== References ==

  1.  http://www.exoticindiaart.com/article/samudramanthan/
  2.  http://www.apamnapat.com/entities/SaptaRishi.html
  3.  https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manasa
  4.  http://www.mahashivratri.org/samudra-manthan.html
  5.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uchchaihshravas
  6.  http://prempiyush.wordpress.com/2004/12/22/samudra-manthan-and-14-ratnas/
  7.  //www.lipilekha.org/docs/10_abatara.pdf
  8.  https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rahu#Mythos_von_Amrita
  9.  http://www.sacred-texts.com/bud/bit/bit13.htm
  10.  https://www.archive.org/stream/MN41392ucmf_4/MN41392ucmf_4_djvu.txt
  11.  https://picasaweb.google.com/Fogg.Phileas/TarotDeWirth#5067876385317574914
  12.  https://picasaweb.google.com/Fogg.Phileas/TarotDeWirth#5067876385317574930
  13.  https://picasaweb.google.com/Fogg.Phileas/TarotDeWirth#5067876385317574946

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