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Moksha

Moksha (Sanskrit: mokṣa m. , release) or Mukti (vimoksha, vimukti :  liberation) stands for  the deliverance from the cycles of rebirth of the soul and therefore also for the enlightenment of Nirvikalpa-Samadhi (Kaivalya)  or the Nirvana.

In old Samkhya it stood for the liberation from the 'three worlds' of samsara.

Another name is Jivanmukti or Jivan Mukta, the liberation through the developed individal spiritual soul, the Jivatman and union with the Paramatma-Purusha.

The Yogi or adept has developed his spiritual body(Jivatman) so far, that he stays in consciousness in this body and steers his activities from there.

The  Varaha-Upanishad counts several steps of the Jivanmukta : Sayujya (sāyujya), Sarupya (sārūpya), Salokya (sālokya), Sarshti (sārṣṭi)  and Samipya (sāmīpya).

In this category are  Turiya and  Kaivalya of the Yogasutras.

In tantric buddhism moksha corresponds to the union with the dharmakaya.

== Enlightenment ==

In tantric buddhism the term bodhi stands for common enlightenment why bodhicitta is practiced.

Nirvana is the final enlightenment with no return comparable to the Nirbikalpa samadhi. The term appears in the Rigveda, in the Bhagavad Gita, in Jainism and in Buddhism.

But Nirvana is not extinction. It happens after the nineth Jhana. The Buddha describes Nirvana in Dhammapada 202 and in Majjhima-Nikaya 75 as highest bliss.

In the Lankavatara Sutra, the Blessed One says in chapter 1, "You do not disappear into Nirvana, nor dwell on Nirvana in you, for Nirvana transcends all duality of knowing and knowing, of being and not-being."
It is taught in the Lotus Sutra that one can attain the state of Nirvana by awakening to one's indwelling Buddha-nature, - which is an awakening as the culmination of a long process of development of the spiritual nature rather than just a satori or a mental culmination.

Sri Aurobindo stated that the essence  of Nirvana is the establishment of a new standpoint or status of consciousness that sees and acts from the basis of Oneness, not duality, and because of this Oneness, our entire life becomes divinised when we act with that awareness.

 

== Literature ==

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