Self-Analysis and Self-Disciplin
Knowledge of one's self and self-control
The inner balance and the key to the true conscience
Introspection is self-observation, Observation experience, conscious observation of one's own experience (eg, thoughts, feelings) and behavior . Consistently developed it leads to self-analysis and self-discipline, Self-knowledge and self-control.
"An aimless life is a miserable life. From the nature and value of the objective depends the value of life. The goal of a spirituellell oriented life should be high and wide, noble and unselfish, so life becomes precious personally and for all. Perfection can only be achieved through perfection in ones own interior. The first step is to become aware of oneself, ie. the different sides of one's being and the modes of action, drives and reactions, and the opposing will tendencies that drive to act. For this is a great sincerity and perseverance necessary. Human nature has a spontaneous tendency to give a favorable interpretation to everything one thinks, feels and says. Apart from the work of purification and synthesis should the outer part of the person be perfected ....." (see further: Aurobindo, Bulletin of Physical Education II, 1950, 4 vol III, 1951 No.1-4; Band IV 1952)
Education is today a formative process of adaptation to the environment and society, combined with an education that leads not to an integral person but to a i-oriented entity. Even a higher order of values is not generally recognized and does not lead to success. There are also links with the physical and vital orientation and with the state of Soul before rebirth on this negative planet.
True human education is the science of life. Therefore education should already begin before the birth of the child(selfperfection of the parents) and continue during the whole life. The nature of the child depens very much upon the mother who forms it, upon her aspiration and her will and her ideals, and of course upon the harmony of the world in which the child grows up.
The human education is fivefolded :
1. Education of the body (hygiene, nutrition, personal hygiene of the body)
2. Education of the vital body(evolvement und utilization of the sensory organs; evolvement of the personal character und its awareness and transformation.
3. Education of the Mind (conzentration and ability of attention; evolvement of the abilities of expansion, complexity and comprehensiveness; organisation of the ideas around a central idea , a higher ideal, as a lodestar for the life; control of the mind and rejection of unwanted thoughts for the purpose of to think waht one wants; evolvement of the mental silence, of the complete inner silence and of an extensive receptivity for inspirations from these regions of the being.)
4.Education of the psyche (truthfulness of the individual entity as one of the unique but uncountable revealed possibilities of the universal consciousness ; awareness and surrender of the personal will)
5. Spiritual Education(with the perfect devotion of the personal ego to the highest being as most important startingpoint and as the safest method).
6. As gnostic-divine method on the basis of the former steps the supramental transformation with divine forces, the total Transfiguration of the Natur, which will at a given time lead to a divine group of mankind on earth.
Further in "Sri Aurobindo : Bulletin of Physical Education : II 1950,Nr.4 book II; 1951 Nr. 1-4 and book IV, 1952 Nr.1" (PDF)
Ethics : In most religions and in many esoteric traditions we find moralic rules and bids:
Ethics in Buddhism is traditionally based on Silas and Paramitas - to avoid the Tanhas and the Kleshas.
The buddhist virtues or Paramitas are looked at as self evidently - just as in other religions, and so Buddha can serve as the supplier of an exotic halo. Further Buddhism knows the five Silas.
In contrary to the older scriptures the newer scriptures of Vajrayana deal relatively sparse with moral precsriptions, partial because the "Secret Teaching" presumes the "Open Teaching". Often is explicit pointed out to the moral precsriptions of the small and of the big vehicle.
As premise the five Shilas named (not to kill, not to steal, not to live unchaste, not to lie, no consumption of intoxicant drinks). Elsewhere is spoken (Anguttara) of the 10 unhealthful acts, which should be avoided (Murder, thievery, formication, lie, inveigh, defamation, uninterrupted gossip, desire, bad intention, misbelief).
The attributes of a bodhisattwa are : Generosity, ethics, patience, persistence, energy, meditation and wisdom. His virtues are love (Maitri) and compassion (Karuna), which have their background in the transcended limitations of the EGO with the power of the enlightened energies which have transformed and developed him.
The three Jewels of Taoism to be sought are compassion, moderation and humility.
In Sant Mat is a kind of diary with selfanalysis a part of the daily sadhana. Sikhism warns before the five major weaknesses of the human personality at variance with its spiritual essence.
This often displeasing and uncomfortable disciplin (Tapasya) has the deeper reasons in the polarity of creation and in the fact that the power behind the 4 lower planes of creations is MAYA - which is unperfect and destructiv.
So the scools of the "black path" teach that there is no good or evil.
It should not be overseen, that creativity (third ray) and destruction(first ray) can be found in the highest worlds. MAYA is only the material higher etheric force - unfortunately with additional attributes like "DESTRUCTIVE ANGER" and DELUSION.
Practically this disciplin (introspection) can be done looking at the positive and the negative aspects of the "4 elements" or looking at the positive and negative effects of the "7 rays" or at the 10 Sephiroth ( Qlippoth ).
Even modern psychology konws the 4 Elements as the 4 main types of man : ( Choleric, Sanguinic, Melancholic und Phlegmatic) . In buddhism these four elements are symbolized by the STUPAS with the flame of akasha - which come from a time before buddha Gautama , with the syllables Kha , Ra , Ha , Wa und A .
Even in the Advaita-Teachings of Shankara can these 4 elements be found. Above them is AKASHA, and above all is Brahman.
They contain besides bids and rules mantric exercises which have the purpose to clean and open the body and soul for higher forces and remove primitive und very negative elements - the beginning of a process of sincerity.
The Hatha Yoga Pradipika mentions these steps in 'Asanas 16,17' too.
Traditionally a guru only accepted disciples which had reached step 6 of the Universal PATH.
The process of the 22 steps can bee seen as a process of cycles of the four elements or cycles of the 7 rays ( 7 planets ).
These rays and elements have a polarity ( our material light has a polarity as well ) , and therefore they have creative and destructive aspects independend from Maya. In the occult scriptures live "devas" and "asuras" in the mental plane. , who are able to use these forces - and many other beings exist in the other planes. But in this context we only look at the unpersonal attributes.
Here a short translated extract from Franz Bardon : Initiation into Hermetics ; A Course of Instruction of Magic Theory and Practice (Brotherhood of life - book) , Page 37 etc.
These four elements determine man's temper. In the active form the element owns the good properties, and in its passive form, the contrary or the bad qualities.
The chloric temper, in its active polarity, has the following good qualities : activity, enthusiasm, eagerness, resolution, courage, productivity, etc. In the negative form these qualities are : glutonny, jealosy, passion, irritability, intemperance, bent to destruction, etc.
The sanguine temper in its active form shows : capacity of penetrating, diligence, joy, adroitness, kindness, clearness, lack of grief, cheerfulness, optimism, eagerness, independence, familiarity, etc. In the negative form : continual feeling of being affronted, contempt, propensity to gossiping, lack of endurance, slyness, garrulosity, dishonesty, fickleness, etc.
The melancholic temper in its active form : respectability, modesty, compassion, devotion, seriousness, docility, fervour, cordiality, comprehension, meditation, calmness, quick to give one's confidence, forgiveness, tenderness a.s.o. In the negative form : indifference, depression, apathy, shyness, laziness, etc.
The phlegmatic temper in its active form : respectability, reputation, endurance, consideration, resolution, firmness, seriousness, scrupulousness, thoroughness, concentration, sobriety, punctuality, reservedness, objectivity, infallibility, responsibility, reliability, circumspection, resistance, self assurance and so on. In the negative form : insipidity, unscrupulousness, misanthrophy, dullness, tardiness, laziness, unreliability, laconism and so on.
The qualities of the temperaments, according to the preponderant quality, form the basis of the human character.
There are three ways to establish the inner balance :
Step 1 - Psychic Training - Self-Knowledge or Introspection
In our mansion, that is to say, our body, we must at very moment find our way about. Our first task, therefore, is to know ourselves. Every initiation system, no matter what kind, will put this in the first place. Without self-knowledge, there will be no real development on a higher level.
In the first days of psychic training, let us first deal with the practical part of introspection. Arrange for a magical diary and enter all the bad sides of your soul into it. The diary is for your own use only, and must not to be shown to anyone else. This is the control-book for you. In the self-control of your failures, habits, passions, instincts and other ugly character traits, you must observe a hard and severe attitude towards yourself. Be merciless towards yourself and do not embellish your failures and deficiencies. Think about yourself in quiet meditation. Put yourself back into different situations in the past. Remember how you behaved then and which mistakes and failures occured in the various situations. Make note of all.....
"To the adept who has reached the magic balance reveals the akasha", Franz Bardon.
"Transmutation" is the modification and diversion of the energies of the mind, of the energies of the emotions and the energies of the physical natur, so that they serve the revealation of the true self and not only the relevation of the psychic and bodily nature.
We know that we have five main instincts, which we have common with all animals. If these instincts are used for selfish and personal purposes then they enhance the bodily life, fortify the form-nature or the material nature and contribute more and more to the starve of the self, the spiritual man. Therefore they must be transformed into their higher correspondences, because every animal characteristic has a spiritual arable :
1. The instinkt of self-preservation must finally yield the recognition of immortability, because man will once in "dwelling in the eternal" inhabit the earth and fulfill his destination.
2. The instinkt which induces the "lower self" to press forward and to force its way to the top will later change into the dominance of the higher or spiritual self. The EGO, the self - esteem, of the small or lower self will yield for the higher self.
3. SEXUALITY as an animalic and all animal forms powerful dominating instinct will yield for a higher attraction and will in its highest form bring about the conscious attraction and unification of the spiritual soul (paramatma) and the its instrument (jiva), whereas the
4. HERD-INSTINCT will be transformed into group-consciousness.
5. A fifth INSTINCT, the urge to ask and to research , the hallmark of all thinkers on high or low levels, will yield the intuitiv perception and wisdom.
So the big work(the "Opus Magnum") will be lead to its perfection , and the spiritual man will reign his creation, the human being, and levy its attributes and characteristics into heaven.
(A.A.Bailey : From intellect to intuition , chapter 4, p. 73)
An analysis after the scheme of the 7 rays leads to similar results :
To understand this new view you should be aware that the substance of the four lower planes and their elements is MAYA which was formed by the 7 rays of the atmic plane. These 7 rays are the basics of the physical laws and the vibrations in these planes. These rays are represented by the seven planets.
Alice A. Bailey : A treatise on the 7 rays II (Esoteric Psychology II) (page 55-65, - please see ..online..)
The individualized Spirit expresses itself through the various ray types in the following manner:
Ray One Dynamic one-pointedness, Destructive energy, Power realized selfishly, Lovelessness, Isolation,  A longing for power and authority, Desire to dominate, Expressed strength and self-will,
A dynamic use of energy for the furtherance of the Plan; The use of destructive forces in order to prepare the way for the Builders; The will to power in order to cooperate; Power realized as the major weapon of love; Identification with the rhythm of the Whole; The cessation of isolation.
Ray Two The power to build for selfish ends, Capacity to sense the Whole and to remain apart, The cultivation of a separative spirit, The hidden light, The realization of selfish desire, Longing for material well-being, Selfishness, and subordination of all soul powers to this end,
Building wisely, in relation to the Plan; Inclusiveness; A longing for wisdom and truth; Sensitivity to the Whole; Renunciation of the great heresy of separativeness; The revelation of the light; True illumination; Right speech through generated wisdom.
Ray Three Force manipulation through selfish desire, Intelligent use of force with wrong motive, Intense material and mental activity, The realization of energy as an end in itself, Longing for glory, beauty and for material objectives, Submergence in illusion, glamor, and maya, 
The manipulation of energy in order to reveal beauty and truth; The use of forces intelligently for the furtherance of the Plan; Ordered rhythmic activity in cooperation with the Whole; Desire for right revelation of divinity and light; Adherence to right action; The revelation of glory and good will.
Ray Seven Black magic, or the use of magical powers for selfish ends, The power to "sit upon the fence" till the selfish values emerge, Disorder and chaos, through misunderstanding of the Plan, The wrong use of speech to bring about chosen objectives, Untruth, Sex magic. The selfish perversion of soul powers,
White magic, the use of soul powers for spiritual ends; The identification of oneself with reality; Right order through right magic; Power to cooperate with the Whole; Understanding of the Plan; The magical work of interpretation; Manifestation of divinity.
Another problem of introspection is DELUSION, which the seeker first leaves behind completely after the fourth initiation, ie. astral delusion, mental illusions and MAYA.
Following small extracts from Alice A. Bailey : Glamour - a world problem
(page 34) What i have to say about delusion can be divided into three chapters :
(Page 65...): The 7 rules and the 6 rules of the path:
The Six Rules of the Path (Rules of the Road)
6. The pilgrim must have the open ear during his hike, the giving hand, the closemouthed tongue, the cleaned heart, the golden voice, the the streaming river and the open eye, which sees the light. He knows that he does not wander alone.
.....The quality of the astral plane, the main characteristic, is delusion.
(page 138) : With this we come back to the view of the many delusions, which are caused by certain sorts of rays or stand in realtion to these.
Further in : Esoteric Psychology I - Section Two - I. The Seven Creative Builders, the Seven Rays
Not to observe these positiv and negativ attributes hinders the progress and leads in our world mostly on the black path with its false aspiration. Spiritual techniques of the "path of (divine) light" or of the true sabda would not need these disciplines but they need a special spiritual environment and a clean basis and lifestyle. It can be very dangerous to trust in the power of the "good from above" because the light of the "holy spirit" withdraws from the primitive planes which are dissimilar to its nature. This would be a basis not to see the personal mistakes und to oust them.
Until the fourth initiation exists the danger of drifting on the black path. Examples are those black masters who came out of well known scools und lived at the feet of their gurus who accelerated their developement and made it too easy for the disciple, so that the disciple did not have to overcome his "lower self" and failed at this point (a real master should see who his disciple is and should not have such disciples ...but there was Jesus with Judas etc !).
Introspection in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The divine man is the master of the 6th initiation(U.P. step 21) :
"For in all he sees two things, the Divine inhabiting every being equally, the varying manifestation unequal only in its temporary circumstances. In the animal and man, in the dog, the unclean outcast und the learned and virtuous Brahmin, in the saint and the sinner, in the indifferent and the friendly and the hostile, in those who love him and benefit and those who hate him and afflict, he sees himself, he sees God and has at heart for all the same equal kindness, the same divine affection. Circumstances may determine the autward clasp or the outward conflict, but can never effect his equal exe, his open heart, his inner embrace of all. And in all his actions there will be the same principle of soul, a perfect quality, and the same principle of work, the will of the Divine in him active for the need of the race in its gradually developing advance towards the Godhead.
(Sri Aurobindo : Essays on the Gita, Page174)
Who knows others is a prudent.
who knows himself is wise.
who defeats others has strenght.
Who defeats himself is strong. (Lao-Tse)